Lee-Enfield rifle, rifle adopted by the British army as its basic infantry weapon in 1902. The short, magazine-loaded Lee-Enfield (Mark I, or SMLE) superseded the longer Lee-Enfield that was first produced in 1895.
Who introduced Enfield rifle in India?
Exactly 100 years after Gosain’s death, the British introduced the rifle that would cause India to mutiny against them: the Enfield Pattern 1853 with its waxed cartridge.
When was the Lee Enfield rifle invented?
The Lee–Enfield rifle was introduced in November 1895 as the . 303 calibre, Rifle, Magazine, Lee–Enfield, or more commonly Magazine Lee–Enfield, or MLE (sometimes spoken as “emily” instead of M, L, E).
When did the British introduce the Enfield rifle?
Enfield was introduced in 1853 and used till 1889 by the British Army. This rifle was the cause of the 1857 uprising due to usage of animal fat. Many other Enfield rifles came later.
Who invented the Lee Enfield rifle?
The Lee Enfield rifle was the standard issue rifle to the British Army during World War One and World War Two. The Lee Enfield was first produced in 1907; it had been designed by an American called James Lee and built at the Royal Small Arms Factory in Enfield – hence the rifle’s name.
Is 303 British still made?
A flood of surplus Enfield rifles hit markets after WWII, and the Enfield’s cartridge, the . 303 British, remains in non-stop production today, though mostly as hunting fodder. Inducted into military service in 1888, the British had developed their black powder .
Who refused to use Enfield rifles?
The first soldier who denied using the greased cartridges was Mangal Pandey, a devoted Hindu Brahmin. He was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore, on 29 March 1857. Note: On 9 May 1857, 85 sepoys were dismissed from service and sentenced to ten years in jail for disrespecting their officers.
Why is the Lee Enfield so fast?
There were three reasons why the Lee-Enfield rifles had a relatively fast action, compared to other rifles. Short bolt throw compared to other contemporary actions. Good ergonomics, The knob of the bolt handle is located just behind the trigger close to the operators hand.
Does Lee Enfield still exist?
Now, after 114 years, the Canadian Armed Forces is becoming the last national military in the world to retire the Lee-Enfield rifle from front-line service.
What rifle replaced the Lee Enfield?
The Pattern 1913 Enfield (P13) was an experimental rifle developed by the British Army ordnance department to serve as a replacement for the Short Magazine Lee–Enfield (SMLE). Although a completely different design from the Lee–Enfield, the Pattern 1913 rifle was designed by the Enfield engineers.
How far will a 303 shoot accurately?
The . 303 British Mark VII cartridge was loaded with 37 gr (2.40 g) of Cordite MDT 5-2 (cordite MD pressed into tubes) and had a muzzle velocity of 2,440 ft/s (744 m/s) and a maximum range of approximately 3,000 yd (2,743 m).
Why did the sepoys refused to use the Enfield rifle?
The soldiers felt that it was a move by the British to defame their religion because no Hindu would touch the beef and no Muslim would touch the pork. As a result, the Indian sepoys refused to use greased cartridges.
Is it legal to own a Lee Enfield in the UK?
Yes it is, so long as: You hold a firearms certificate from the police (And thus meet all the preconditions such as storage etc.) Your firearms certificate has a space free for that type of rifle.
How accurate is a Lee Enfield?
The Lee Enfield (or most any 30 cal. bolt action Battle Rifle), is capable of sustained, accurate, lethal fire at a range in excess of 1000 yards (a much greater distance than what is usually seen on a modern battlefield.)
Why was the Lee Enfield so good?
For service use, it was robust, reliable, and effective. Its bolt action was quick and smooth, allowing a soldier to make fast followup shots. Its 10-shot magazine had twice the capacity of its contemporaries, enabling small units to lay down an impressive rate of fire and keep it up longer.
When did British use 303?
Britain first adopted the . 303 in 1888 and used it as their primary caliber until 1957 when it was replaced by the . 308. It started with black powder, progressed to Cordite and later to fast-burning, smokeless gun powder.