What does gauge refer to in shotguns?

Shotguns are classified by gauge, which is a measure related to the diameter of the smooth shotgun bore and the size of the shotshell designed for that bore. … Gauge is determined by the number of lead balls of size equal to the approximate diameter of the bore that it takes to weigh one pound.

Is a 10 gauge shotgun more powerful than a 12 gauge?

The difference is that the 10-gauge is larger and more powerful than a 12-gauge. It’s popular with goose hunters, because it throws more shot out at the same speed as a 12-gauge, making it more likely to hit a goose at extreme range, when the shot charge has spread out with a large space between pellets.

What is the difference between a 12 gauge and 16 gauge shotgun?

The 16-gauge generally has a lighter recoil or “kick” than the more powerful 12-gauge shell. This lighter recoil can make the 16-gauge slightly easier on your shoulder, which is beneficial if you are participating in high-volume target shooting, duck hunting, or any sport where you fire dozens of shots in a single day.

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Which is more powerful a 12 gauge or 20 gauge shotgun?

Performance. Because a 12 gauge shotgun shell has more volume than a 20 gauge shotgun shell, it fits more powder and bigger projectiles. This means you will get a harder-hitting shot at a greater effective distance with a 12 gauge than you will with a 20 gauge.

What is bigger 12 gauge or 20 gauge?

A 12 Gauge shotshell has a significantly larger capacity than a 20 Gauge. Because it often holds a heavier slug or column of shot, however, the 12 Gauge shotshell’s larger charge of powder often produces a comparable muzzle velocity to the smaller 20 Gauge.

Can a 20 gauge kill a human?

OF COURSE a damn 20 Guage will kill you. Hell, even the MUCH smaller 410 will. Even a 20 Guage that is loaded with just rock salt will kill your ass.

Is a 12 or 20 gauge better for home defense?

“The 20-gauge is much easier to shoot than the 12-gauge, produces significantly less recoil, and is lighter and more maneuverable,” says retired SWAT team leader and multi-level certified self-defense instructor Steve Denney, who currently serves as the general manager of Pro Arms Inc., in Live Oak, Fla.

Why did they stop making 16 gauge shotguns?

Not so many years ago, one of the other major sporting publications declared the death of the 16 gauge, citing the lack of available choices in both new guns and affordable ammunition as the twin executioners of the sub-gauge shotgun.

Should I get 12 or 20 gauge?

The main difference between it and the 12 gauge are gun size and weight, and pellet count. Given equal patterning efficiency, the higher pellet count in a 12 gauge should keep a denser pattern at longer ranges. But a trim, light 20 gauge might get you on target faster and more precisely.

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Is a 16 gauge shotgun good for home defense?

It may not be the ideal gun for social situations, but it is certainly serviceable as a back up or alternative for home defense. Get some upland loads for hunting, and some buckshot or heavy waterfowl loads for HD. If nothing else, the price was right and it sounds like there may be some good memories in that gun.

Can a 20 gauge kill a bear?

A 20 gauge shotgun is roughly . 62 caliber so either a slug or a load of buckshot ( 00 or 000) would be good choices to use for bear hunting. Of course you still have to hit the bear.

What are 20 gauge shotguns good for?

Specifications. 20-gauge shotguns are especially suitable for hunting game birds such as quail, grouse, turkey, and other game when using shot shells. A 20-gauge can also shoot slugs and buckshot and thereby become an effective deer-hunting gun.

What gauge shotgun should I get?

For home defense, we recommend a pump action 12 gauge with a shorter barrel. For waterfowl hunting, a 12 gauge is an excellent option. Both pump action and semiautomatic will perform well, but semiautomatic will allow for faster shots, which may be helpful. For upland bird hunting, we recommend a 28 gauge.

How far will a 20 gauge shoot?

As a general rule, a 20 gauge with a full choke barrel shooting shot charges can be effective out to a maximum of 40 – 50 yards. A slug fired from a 20 gauge set up for slugs may be effective out to about 100 yards.

Why are 8 gauge shotguns illegal?

According to Bell, the ban on hunting migratory waterfowl with any shotguns larger than 10 gauge dates back t0 1913 Weeks-McClean Act. The reason was to protect the waterfowl from market hunters.

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Is there a 2 gauge shotgun?

There are no guns that use 2 gauge shotgun shells. A 2 gauge shotgun has a barrel of 33.7mm or 1.326 inches and fires 3500gr or 8oz and would fire ½ pounds of lead. But they went out with the black powder in the 1800s.

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