Artillery. Artillery was the most destructive weapon on the Western Front. Guns could rain down high explosive shells, shrapnel and poison gas on the enemy and heavy fire could destroy troop concentrations, wire, and fortified positions. Artillery was often the key to successful operations.
Which new weapon had the greatest impact on World War 1?
Perhaps the most significant technological advance during World War I was the improvement of the machine gun, a weapon originally developed by an American, Hiram Maxim. The Germans recognized its military potential and had large numbers ready to use in 1914.
What were the new weapons of WW1?
Military technology of the time included important innovations in machine guns, grenades, and artillery, along with essentially new weapons such as submarines, poison gas, warplanes and tanks.
Why was the machine gun the most effective in WW1?
Following the onset of positional warfare, machine guns gained notoriety as highly effective direct-fire weapons. They could theoretically fire over 500 rounds per minute (rpm), but this was not normal in combat, where “rapid fire” generally consisted of repeated bursts amounting to 250 rpm.
Which of these was the most feared new weapon of World War I?
Poisonous gas was probably the most feared of all weapons in WW1. Poisonous gas could be used at any time and could be used on the trenches even when no attack was going on.
What weapon killed the most in ww1?
Artillery. Artillery was the most destructive weapon on the Western Front. Guns could rain down high explosive shells, shrapnel and poison gas on the enemy and heavy fire could destroy troop concentrations, wire, and fortified positions.
What made ww1 so deadly?
The loss of life was greater than in any previous war in history, in part because militaries were using new technologies, including tanks, airplanes, submarines, machine guns, modern artillery, flamethrowers, and poison gas.
Why did both sides in ww1 turn into new weapons?
Why did both sides in World War I turn to new weapons? … Because trench warfare had led to a stalemate. You just studied 25 terms!
What is the deadliest weapon in the world?
7 Deadliest Weapons in History
- Maxim machine gun. World War I: German infantrymen. …
- Nuclear weapon. first thermonuclear weapon. …
- Shock cavalry. …
- Greek fire/napalm. …
- Rifle. …
- Submarine. …
- Biological weapons.
What was the best rifle of ww1?
Reliable and extremely accurate, the SMLE is regarded by most authorities as the finest rifle of the First World War. The 7.92mm Gewehr ’98 introduced into service with the Imperial German Army on 5 April 1898 was designed by Paul Mauser and was the standard infantry weapon in the First World War.
How many rounds could the machine gun fire during WWI?
By World War I, machine guns were fully automatic weapons that fired bullets rapidly, up to 450 to 600 rounds a minute.
How far would a WW1 machine gun fire?
In the battlefield conditions of WW1 this meant an average of 500 rounds a minute with a range of over 3,000 yards or 2,743m.
How many died in WW1 total?
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I, was around 40 million. There were 20 million deaths and 21 million wounded.
Which technology was most feared by soldiers in ww1?
Field telephones and sound equipment was also used to find the enemy’s location. Still, some new weapons and technology used such as chemical warfare, flamethrowers and submarines caused great fear and chaos during World War I.
Why is artillery the deadliest weapon of WWI?
Their main aim was to fire explosive-filled projectiles over large distances. Unlike infantry and cavalry, the artillery could not enter into combat independently on its own.
What was the immediate cause of World War I?
Immediate Cause: Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The immediate cause of World War I that made all the aforementioned items come into play (alliances, imperialism, militarism, nationalism) was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.